The Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma offers treatment options including psychotherapy, EMDR, LENS and traditional neurofeedback for emotional distress, trauma, PTSD, attention deficit disorder, creativity enhancement and peak performance training.
Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that measures and trains brain waves. Results are achieved by teaching the brain to change using feedback. During a session, the brain receives real-time audio/visual information that /reflects it’s own electrical activity.
LENS (Low Energy Neurofeedback System) is a non-invasive and quick form of neurofeedback that has been used for 20-plus years. It has been shown to diminish probl//ems associated with dysregulation of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, mood dysregulation, brain injury, attentional issues, and learning and memory problems.
We use the Quantitative EEG assessment to tailor neurofeedback treatment to reduce unwanted symptoms and encourage mental, emotional and physical well-being. The results of the QEEG provide extensive information about the electrical activity of brain cells.
Heart Rate Variability training is offered as a component of the treatment options provided at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma. HRV training supports a balanced nervous system by encouraging a highly coherent heart rate through breathing and biofeedback exercises.
Les Fehmi, PhD
Steven Kassel, , MFT, BCB, BCN, AAPM
Sebern Fisher, Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Developmental Trauma
but in this 2009 TED talk, neuroscientist Aditi Shankardass suggests we should be
looking directly at brains. She explains how one EEG technique has revealed mistaken
diagnoses and transformed children’s lives.
How does neurofeedback work?
An EEG machine measures the electrical energy released by nerve cells at work. The numbers of brain cells firing at different speeds produce the brainwave patterns seen on the EEG. The brainwaves have names, but in general, the speedier brainwaves are used for thinking while the slower ones are used for relaxation and to maintain involuntary bodily functions. Neurofeedback allows us to regulate our brainwave patterns.
Neurofeedback encourages specific areas of the brain to speed up or slow down as needed, essentially stabilizing brain activity. Neurofeedback training encourages flexible and adaptive brain wave communication that results in the experience of moving more smoothly from one state of arousal to another. Eventually, no more training is required to maintain improved these benefits.
What issues does neurofeedback treat?
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
The following issues have clinical reports of effectiveness with Neurofeedback:
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Borderline Personality Disorder
Cognitive Decline in the Elderly
Traumatic Brain Injury
Dissociative Identity Disorder
What will I experience?
During a neurofeedback session, you may receive as little as 30 seconds or as much as one hour of training depending upon your brain’s receptivity. Sometimes you may be an active participant in changing your brain wave pattern but often the feedback will allow your brain to change itself without any effort on your part. In our clinic, typically 35-40 sessions of neurofeedback constitutes a complete training program. However, the length of treatment at our clinic varies widely. People who have a traumatic brain injury, degenerative neurological condition or complex trauma history may expect to continue treatment much longer than 40 sessions in order to maintain an improved level of functioning.
How does Lens works?
What will I experience?
The side effects we have seen following LENS are minimal. A few clients have reported mild to moderate headaches and some sleepiness. While the LENS results in successful treatment for many, there is no guarantee that it will help everyone.
How Many sessions will i need?
If you are more sensitive or have a history of complicated or chronic problems, you may need more than 20 sessions. It has been our experience that people with complex developmental trauma may need a few years of LENS treatment in combination with other modalities in order to fully benefit.
What is it like to have a QEEG?
The conductive gel must soak down through the hair to the skin in order to relay the brainwave activity to the sensors in the cap. Rarely, but occasionally, people who are very sensitive to touch find this process mildly uncomfortable. Most people easily tolerate the process.
During the EEG recording it is important to sit still and remain as relaxed as possible. It is not necessary to remain this way for more than a few minutes at a time. We can stop and take breaks as needed.
After recording the EEG for 10 minutes with eyes closed and eyes open, the cap is removed and the gel is cleaned off. It is likely you will want to plan to go home and wash your hair when the process is completed.
Please follow the below instructions to be prepared.
What is the cost of QEEG?
Preparation Instructions for the QEEG
Try to be as well rested and alert as possible prior to the EEG. If you unusually tired (for you), the EEG acquisition should not be done. Please contact your clinician before the appointment if you are feeling extremely tired or sleepy that day and we will reschedule.
CLEAN, DRY HAIR
The day before or the day of the test, thoroughly shampoo your hair TWO times. Be sure to scrub your entire scalp, forehead, and earlobes with your fingertips, rinse your hair thoroughly between and after washing. Hair must be thoroughly dry for the EEG.
NO HAIR PRODUCT
Do not apply hair conditioner, mousse, gel, or hair spray, and keep your forehead free of make-up, lotions, and conditioners. In addition, do not braid your hair or wear earrings.
Please do not use stimulants the day of the test. Examples are: coffee, tea, cigarettes, caffeinated soft drinks, etc. Also, avoid illegal or over-the-counter drugs, foods, herbs, or herbal teas that promote sleep/relaxation or the awake/alert state on the day of the EEG.
Do not wear contact lenses as they may become uncomfortable thereby causing EEG artifact which disrupts the acquisition of good EEG data.
It is best to be free of medications that may alter the EEG. Prior to scheduling the QEEG, our staff will gather a detailed medication history from you and consult with your prescribing doctor as needed. Do not make any decisions about stopping medications without first consulting with the physician who prescribed them.
Heart Rate Variability (HRV) training is offered as an adjunct to treatment at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma. Clients participate in biofeedback and breathing exercises that help to relieve stress, reduce anxiety, and enhance the ability to learn new information. The heart rhythm has a significant effect on brain function.
How does HRV training work?
What symptoms does HRV training address?
Jessica M. Eure, LPC, BCN, MEd, EdS
She is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) specializing in the treatment of developmental trauma, mood disorders, PTSD and ADD using neurofeedback and psychotherapy.
She co-founded the Center with Robin Bernhard, LCSW, MEd, after attending the EEG biofeedback comprehensive training offered by EEG Spectrum International, Inc. in July 2004.
Jessica is an approved neurofeedback mentor through the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance for clinicians seeking national board certification in neurofeedback (BCN).
Education and Training
She holds a Master’s degree in Mental Health Counseling from the University of Virginia, and a BA in psychology from Shepherd University. She has experience in the mental health field in both inpatient and outpatient settings.
Jessica is Board Certified in neurofeedback by the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance. She has received extensive training in the theory and application of neurofeedback and QEEG from Brain Science International, EEG Spectrum International, Inc, The Learning Curve, Inc, the Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, Biofeedback Training Institute, and the Behavioral Medicine Research Foundation.
In addition, Jessica has training in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and has received specific EMDR supervision.
Jessica utilizes Developmental Needs Meeting Strategy techniques & Internal Family Systems theory and concepts from the field of interpersonal neurobiology into her clinical orientation to psychotherapy.
Developmental Needs Meeting Strategy (DNMS) is a therapeutic approach based on what is known about how a child’s brain develops within a healthy family. It was designed to treat present-day problems that originated with unmet childhood needs. It has also been used to resolve memories of painful physical, emotional, or sexual traumas.
Interpersonal neurobiology is an interdisciplinary field which incorporates knowledge from anthropology, biology, cognitive science, neuroscience, physics, psychology and systems theory (among other fields) to assist in understanding human experience.
Jessica works from a non-pathologizing wellness model and also pulls from postmodern theories of counseling, particularly narrative therapy. The general principles of this approach include viewing the client as the expert in his or her own life and not presuming that there is one ‘true’ reality.
Robin C. Bernhard, LCSW, MEd, BCN
To contact Robin, please call (434) 825-6545
Sarah McDonald, LCSW, BCN-Candidate
maryann Piirto, MA, BCN-Candidate
Maryann has been offering supportive psychotherapy and neurofeedback at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback since June 2016, while working towards her LPC as well as board certification in neurofeedback as a resident in Mental Health Counseling,
Maryann has an MA in Professional Counseling from Liberty University. She was a Campus Minister for over twenty years, where she had the opportunity to support and encourage students through their transition into college life. Some of the campuses she worked at include Cornell University, the University of New York at Buffalo, and the College of William & Mary. Maryann became interested in neurofeedback after seeing it’s effectiveness with two of her children who struggled with learning disabilities and adjustment disorder from trauma.
To contact Robin, please call (434) 825-6545
L. Genevieve Whittemore, MA, LPC, BCN-Candidate
Genevieve has worked in the public mental health sector for more than 20 years and most recently retired as the Director of Therapeutic Day Treatment at Horizon Behavioral Health in Lynchburg, VA. She was an officer at the American Psychological Association where she was editor of several publications including the Activities Handbook for Teaching Psychology (Vol. 2 and 3) and coordinator of the G. Stanley Hall Lecture series. She has been in private practice since 2007, offering neurofeedback and psychotherapy. She is currently receiving neurofeedback certification mentoring at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma.
A Symphony In The Brain – by Jim Robbins
Getting Rid of Ritalin – by Robert W. Hill and Eduardo Castro
The Healing Power of Neurofeedback – by Stephen Larsen
Change Your Brain, Change Your Life – by Daniel Amen
Healing ADD: The Breakthrough Program That Allows You to See and Heal the 6 Types of ADD – by Daniel Amen
Healing Anxiety and Depression – by Daniel Amen
The High-Performance Mind – by Anna Wise
Awakening the Mind – by Anna Wise
ADD: The 20-Hour Solution – by Mark Steinberg and Siegfried Othmer
Parenting from the Inside Out – by Daniel Siegel
Biofeedback for the Brain – by Paul G. Swingle
EMDR: The Breakthrough “Eye Movement” Therapy for Overcoming Anxiety, Stress, and Trauma – by Francine Shapiro
The A.D.D. Book: New Understandings, New Approaches to Parenting Your Child – by William Sears and Lynda Thompson
Brain Gym: Simple Activities for Whole Brain Learning – by Paul Dennison and Gail Dennison
My Stroke of Insight: A Brain Scientist’s Personal Journey – by Jill Bolte Taylor
Getting Started with Neurofeedback – by John N. Demos
- International Society for Neurofeedback and Research
- Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, Inc.
- Biofeedback Certification Institute of America
- The Learning Curve, Inc.
- Ochs Labs, Inc.
- EEG Spectrum International
- Brain Science International
- EMDR Insitute, Inc.
- EMDR International AssociationA Symphany In The Brain – by Jim Robbins
- Getting Rid of Ritalin – by Robert W. Hill and Eduardo Castro
- The Healing Power of Neurofeedback – by Stephen Larsen
- Change Your Brain, Change Your Life – by Daniel Amen
- Healing ADD: The Breakthrough Program That Allows You to See and Heal the 6 Types of ADD – by Daniel Amen
- Healing Anxiety and Depression – by Daniel Amen
- The High-Performance Mind – by Anna Wise
- Awakening the Mind – by Anna Wise
- ADD: The 20-Hour Solution – by Mark Steinberg and Siegfried Othmer
- Parenting from the Inside Out – by Daniel Siegel
- Biofeedback for the Brain – by Paul G. Swingle
- EMDR: The Breakthrough “Eye Movement” Therapy for Overcoming Anxiety, Stress, and Trauma – by Francine Shapiro
- The A.D.D. Book: New Understandings, New Approaches to Parenting Your Child – by William Sears and Lynda Thompson
- Brain Gym: Simple Activities for Whole Brain Learning – by Paul Dennison and Gail Dennison
- My Stroke of Insight: A Brain Scientist’s Personal Journey – by Jill Bolte Taylor
- Getting Started with Neurofeedback – by John N. DemosMental Health Counseling and Social Work
- America Counseling Association
- National Association of Social Workers
- American Mental Health Counselors Association
Other Helpful Links
- Neurofeedback Increases Affection, Builds Empathy – by Daisy Yuhas
Scientific American 2014
A new study which utilized fMRI showed that emotional states can be enhanced using neurofeedback.
- Brain Connectivity Associated with Autism – by Natalia Elko
San Diego State University 2014
SDSU Autism Study Finds Weakness in Brain Connections That Support Social Functioning
- A Little Neurofeedback Goes a Long Way – by Wayne Kalyn
Additude Magazine 2014
One more study shows that controlling brain waves tweaks the ADHD brain for the better.
- School-based brain training shown to alleviate ADHD – by Deborah Kotz
The Boston Globe 2014
Computer programs that train the brain to increase attention span and a therapy called neurofeedback are a great alternative to prescription stimulant medications.
- ADHD study shows children can train to focus – by Mina Corpuz
The Daily Free Press 2014
The findings show that some symptoms of ADHD can be reduced through cognitive computer training and neurofeedback
- Sports Brain to Demonstrate New Concussion Technologies at NFL Combine – by Unknown
PR Web 2014
LENS feedback provides an ideal environment for athletes to understand more about how baseline testing and performance enhancement can play in their career.
- Training normalizes imaging patterns in autism brains – by Sarah DeWeerdt
Neurofeedback training programs used on boys with autism may help erase certain abnormalities seen in functional brain imaging scans.
- Brain training may treat some neurological disorders – by Unknown
People with alcohol addiction, eating disorders and post-traumatic stress may be able to help treat their condition by retraining the way their brains work.
- Neurofeedback training slows brain aging: NCKU – by Unknown
The China Post 2013
Neurofeedback training methods can improve attention and working memory performance.
- Neurofeedback tunes key brain networks, improving subjective well-being in PTSD – by Unknown
Science Codex 2013
Pioneering research for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) utilizes neurofeedback training to alter the plasticity of brain networks linked to the condition.
- Ditch the glitch – training your brain via neurofeedback – by Corey Hague
ABC Central Victoria 2013
Neurofeedback might be able to give you an insight into how your brain is firing.
- Psychologist uses brain mapping to help patients – by Sandra Diamond Fox
QEEG brain map allows patients to see what’s going on with their brain functioning
- Covert Operations: Your Brain Digitally Remastered for Clarity of Thought – by Unknown
Neurofeedback can enhance the signal-to-noise ratio in thought
- Neurofeedback helps releive chemo brain symptoms, Cleveland researcher finds – by Angela Townsend
Neurofeedback found to reduce symptoms in a chemo brain study.
- In study, Neurofeedback matches stimulants’ ability to treat ADHD – by Unknown
Good Therapy 2012
A study in Norway, results support the use of neurofeedback as an alternative treatment for ADHD.
- A brain flex to help athletes train for better performance in competition – by Jen Murphy
The Wall Street Journal 2012
Neurofeedback is used by athletes to train their brains to function better during competition.
- Brain training helps treat depression – by Unknown
BBC News 2012
A brain training technique which helps people control activity in a specific part of the brain could help treat depression, a study suggests.
- Advances in neurofeedback technology offers hope to addicts – by Lara Krupicka
Naperville Sun 2012
Because of its non- invasive nature, neurofeedback can play a positive role in teen addiction treatment.
- Neurofeedback training may enhance athletic performance – by Dr. Melissa Perkins-Banas
Norwich Bulletin 2012
Neurofeedback training shows promising results in assisting athletes.
- Controlling post-traumatic stress could be as close as game on cell phone – by Barb Ruppert
US Army 2012
Biofeedback training that allows wounded Soldiers to recognize and control the symptoms of PTS and brain injury.
- Parkinson’s disease symptoms can be improved by teaching patients to regulate their brains – by Unknown
Patients learned to alter parts of brain affected by degenerative disease but technique will not stop progression of condition.
- Experimental treatment gives hope to sufferers of post-traumatic stress disorder – by Anne McIlroy
The Globe and Mail 2011
Neurofeedback was once seen as alternative medicine, but a growing number of preliminary studies suggest it could help with several brain disorders. U.S. researchers are planning trials to see if it can help veterans with PTSD.
- Study: Can teens retrain their brains to be less depressed? – by Carey Goldberg
A study under way in Cambridge and Providence looks at whether the method can help lift depression in teens. Initial studies have found positive results for depression in adults, but further, better-controlled research is needed.
- New study shows transcendental meditation improves brain functioning in ADHD students – by Ken Chawkin
A non-drug approach to enhance students’ ability to learn.
- Ramping up academic skills with brain training – by Alisa Gaudiosi
PR News Channel 2011
CT psychotherapist uses neurofeedback training to improve student performance.
- Experts at Military Conference Declare Breakthrough PTSD Treatment “Ready for Duty” – by Steve Caplan
Business Wire 2011
Evidence of the effectiveness of neurofeedback treatment in treating soldiers dealing with the traumatic effects of PTSD and brain injury.
- Neurotherapy brain exercises offer hope – by Gail Johnson
Neurotherapy emerged in the 1970s as a drug-free procedure that purports to diagnose and treat a variety of conditions, including autistic-spectrum disorders, attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, addiction, fibromyalgia, and depression, as well as stroke and brain injury.
- Athletes wired for success – by Randy Starkman
The Toronto Star 2009
Canada’s freestyle ski squad raving about bio/neurofeedback training program.
- Using Neurofeedback to treat ADHD – by Rajah Maples
Connect Tristates 2009
Some patients are opting for neurofeedback instead of or in addition to medication or psychotherapy.
- How You Can Train Your Brain to Help Reduce Stress – by Blaine Greteman
Neurofeedback is an emerging method that relaxes, enhances creativity and improves mental health.
- NBA star uses neurofeedback to help his game and his life – by Greg Johnson
An example of peak performance training.
- Neurofeedback may decrease autism symptoms
CBC News 2008
Neurofeedback may help improve brain connectivity problems that afflict autistic patients, allowing them to become more functional, a new study suggests.
- Neurofeedback May Help ‘Retrain’ Brainwaves In Children With Autism
Science Daily 2008
A researcher is using video games to see if the brainwaves of children with autism can be Â‘retrainedÂ’ to improve focus and concentration.
- Wired for Victory [PDF] – by T.D. Max
Men’s Vogue 2007
Can a bunch of electrodes and a computer screen help you swim faster, sink your putts, and swish your free throws?
- Neurofeedback can help some kids with ADHD – by Anne Harding
Training the brains of children with ADHD using neurofeedback can improve their behavior and reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity.
- Biofeedback Trains Mind, Body to Make Changes – by Jeanie Lerche Davis
Migraines, ADHD, high blood pressure, epilepsy, and incontinence can all benefit from the technique of biofeedback.
- Goal! Neurofeedback Scores a Victory – by Zach Lynch
Several members of Italy’s World Cup-winning team did extensive neurofeedback in the runup to the tournament.
- Brain machine ‘improves musicianship’
BBC News 2003
Scientists have created a technique that dramatically improves the performance of musicians.
- Computer boosts memory by 10%
BBC News 2003
This is the first study to show a link between the use of neurofeedback, and improvements in memory.
- Finding Happiness: Cajole Your Brain to Lean to the Left – by Daniel Goleman
New York Times 2003
Scientists index a person’s typical mood range, by reading activity in brain.
- The Mind Maze – by Marianne Szegedy-Maszak
US News and World Report 2002
Can `distraction’ be found in the brain’s biochemistry?
- Works in Progress – by Karen Wright
Can custom-made video games help kids with attention deficit disorder?