The Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma offers treatment options including psychotherapy, EMDR, LENS and traditional neurofeedback for emotional distress, trauma, PTSD, attention deficit disorder, creativity enhancement and peak performance training.

Our Services


Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that measures and trains brain waves. Results are achieved by teaching the brain to change using feedback. During a session, the brain receives real-time audio/visual information that /reflects it’s own electrical activity.


LENS (Low Energy Neurofeedback System) is a non-invasive and quick form of neurofeedback that has been used for 20-plus years. It has been shown to diminish probl//ems associated with dysregulation of the central nervous system such as  anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress,  mood dysregulation, brain injury, attentional issues, and learning and memory problems.



We use the Quantitative EEG assessment to tailor neurofeedback treatment to reduce unwanted symptoms and encourage mental, emotional and physical well-being. The results of the QEEG provide extensive information about the electrical activity of brain cells.



Heart Rate Variability training is offered as a component of the treatment options provided at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma. HRV training supports a balanced nervous system by encouraging a highly coherent heart rate through breathing and biofeedback exercises.

“The human central nervous system is not broken in instances such as depression, anxiety, addictions and ADHD, among others – it is simply under stress. We must back away from reductionism and seek to promote organism-wide balance by quieting sympathetic autonomic activity, increasing parasympathetic activity and asking what is right with the human body, mind and spirit.”

​Les Fehmi, PhD

“Decreasing adaptive high arousal patterns brings us closer to creativity, our spirit life, our natural states and better interpersonal relationships. When we put the brakes on sympathetic nervous system arousal, we open our focus of awareness and are more capable of empathy.”

Steven Kassel, , MFT, BCB, BCN, AAPM

“Fundamentally, the journey from dysregulated trauma survivor to well regulated peak performer is the journey of brain regulation. Once you begin to use neurofeedback you realize that this training is not just about quieting negative symptoms of trauma, but about enhancing the potential of this person in all realms. When patients are released from the grip of fear, they naturally open to their full potential.”

Sebern Fisher, Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Developmental Trauma

Developmental disorders in children are typically diagnosed by observing behavior,
but in this 2009 TED talk, neuroscientist Aditi Shankardass suggests we should be
looking directly at brains. She explains how one EEG technique has revealed mistaken
diagnoses and transformed children’s lives.

About Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that measures and trains brain waves. Results are achieved by teaching the brain to change using feedback. During a session, the brain receives real-time audio/visual information that reflects it’s own electrical activity. This ‘brain training’ produces more efficient, balanced and stable neural patterns. In her book about neurofeedback and developmental trauma, Sebern Fisher states that ‘neurofeedback raises the brain’s threshold to stress and generally increases stress resilience as it increases stability.

How does neurofeedback work?
In our office, we use QEEG technology to understand how the different areas of the brain are functioning and communicating with each other. This allows us to develop a neurofeedback training program that aims to improve brain wave functioning and relieve symptoms.

An EEG machine measures the electrical energy released by nerve cells at work. The numbers of brain cells firing at different speeds produce the brainwave patterns seen on the EEG. The brainwaves have names, but in general, the speedier brainwaves are used for thinking while the slower ones are used for relaxation and to maintain involuntary bodily functions. Neurofeedback allows us to regulate our brainwave patterns.

Neurofeedback encourages specific areas of the brain to speed up or slow down as needed, essentially stabilizing brain activity. Neurofeedback training encourages flexible and adaptive brain wave communication that results in the experience of moving more smoothly from one state of arousal to another. Eventually, no more training is required to maintain improved these benefits.

What issues does neurofeedback treat?
The following issues have published scientific evidence of effectiveness with Neurofeedback:

Learning Disabilities
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Sleep Disorders
The following issues have clinical reports of effectiveness with Neurofeedback:

Attachment Disorder
Autoimmune Dysfunction
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic Pain
Borderline Personality Disorder
Cognitive Decline in the Elderly
Eating Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Tourette’s Syndrome
Traumatic Brain Injury
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Parkinson’s Disease

What will I experience?
After the QEEG results have been reviewed, neurofeedback training may begin. Each session, electrodes will be placed on the scalp at the locations indicated by the assessment. The information is carried from the brain through the electrodes to the EEG machine. Advanced neurofeedback software creates auditory feedback (typically a chime sound) that trains your brain.

During a neurofeedback session, you may receive as little as 30 seconds or as much as one hour of training depending upon your brain’s receptivity. Sometimes you may be an active participant in changing your brain wave pattern but often the feedback will allow your brain to change itself without any effort on your part. In our clinic, typically 35-40 sessions of neurofeedback constitutes a complete training program. However, the length of treatment at our clinic varies widely. People who have a traumatic brain injury, degenerative neurological condition or complex trauma history may expect to continue treatment much longer than 40 sessions in order to maintain an improved level of functioning.

About Lens

LENS (Low Energy Neurofeedback System) is a newer form of neurofeedback that we offer at our clinic. This non-invasive and quick treatment option has been used for 20-plus years. It has been shown to diminish problems associated with dysregulation of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, mood dysregulation, brain injury, attentional issues, and learning and memory problems.
How does Lens works?
The LENS disrupts and releases maladaptive brain wave patterns created by the central nervous system in response to stress, distress or injury. During a LENS treatment, the brain is able to listen to itself by receiving a reflection of it’s own activity from the sensors attached to the scalp. LENS neurofeedback disrupts brain waves momentarily and allows the brain to reset and reorganize itself. The result is healthier function. A more detailed description of the LENS is available at www.ochslabs.com.
What will I experience?
LENS sessions are brief and the feedback so subtle that most people don’t perceive the changes provided by the feedback immediately. Symptom reduction is often noticed in the hours and days following a session. Typically, at our clinic, we combine psychotherapy, LENS and other biofeedback techniques, so a session may last from 30-90 minutes.

The side effects we have seen following LENS are minimal. A few clients have reported mild to moderate headaches and some sleepiness. While the LENS results in successful treatment for many, there is no guarantee that it will help everyone.

How Many sessions will i need?
Recent, acute or less complicated symptoms may resolve in less than 20 sessions.

If you are more sensitive or have a history of complicated or chronic problems, you may need more than 20 sessions. It has been our experience that people with complex developmental trauma may need a few years of LENS treatment in combination with other modalities in order to fully benefit.

About QEEG

We use the Quantitative EEG assessment to tailor neurofeedback treatment to reduce unwanted symptoms and encourage mental, emotional and physical well-being. The results of the QEEG provide extensive information about the electrical activity of brain cells.
What is it like to have a QEEG?
The QEEG acquisition appointment takes between 1-2 hours. An electrode cap, as seen above, will be placed on your head and conductive gel inserted into each of 23 sensors on the cap.

The conductive gel must soak down through the hair to the skin in order to relay the brainwave activity to the sensors in the cap. Rarely, but occasionally, people who are very sensitive to touch find this process mildly uncomfortable. Most people easily tolerate the process.

During the EEG recording it is important to sit still and remain as relaxed as possible. It is not necessary to remain this way for more than a few minutes at a time. We can stop and take breaks as needed.

After recording the EEG for 10 minutes with eyes closed and eyes open, the cap is removed and the gel is cleaned off. It is likely you will want to plan to go home and wash your hair when the process is completed.

Please follow the below instructions to be prepared.

What is the cost of QEEG?
A fee for the test covers the cost of data acquisition, a neurologist’s review and a written report with treatment recommendations by Jay Gunkelman, world-renowned QEEG specialist, President and Chief Science Officer at Brain Science International. Usually insurance does not cover the QEEG. Please contact Jessica or Robin for more information.
Preparation Instructions for the QEEG
Try to be as well rested and alert as possible prior to the EEG. If you unusually tired (for you), the EEG acquisition should not be done. Please contact your clinician before the appointment if you are feeling extremely tired or sleepy that day and we will reschedule.

The day before or the day of the test, thoroughly shampoo your hair TWO times. Be sure to scrub your entire scalp, forehead, and earlobes with your fingertips, rinse your hair thoroughly between and after washing. Hair must be thoroughly dry for the EEG.

Do not apply hair conditioner, mousse, gel, or hair spray, and keep your forehead free of make-up, lotions, and conditioners. In addition, do not braid your hair or wear earrings.

Please do not use stimulants the day of the test. Examples are: coffee, tea, cigarettes, caffeinated soft drinks, etc. Also, avoid illegal or over-the-counter drugs, foods, herbs, or herbal teas that promote sleep/relaxation or the awake/alert state on the day of the EEG.

Do not wear contact lenses as they may become uncomfortable thereby causing EEG artifact which disrupts the acquisition of good EEG data.

It is best to be free of medications that may alter the EEG. Prior to scheduling the QEEG, our staff will gather a detailed medication history from you and consult with your prescribing doctor as needed. Do not make any decisions about stopping medications without first consulting with the physician who prescribed them.

About hrv

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) training is offered as an adjunct to treatment at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma. Clients participate in biofeedback and breathing exercises that help to relieve stress, reduce anxiety, and enhance the ability to learn new information. The heart rhythm has a significant effect on brain function.

How does HRV training work?
The heart rate has a variable pattern that reflects our breathing and level of stress. Positive emotions and a calm, balanced nervous system result in a highly coherent heart rate variability score, whereas negative emotions are reflected by a less coherent, more erratic pattern of activity. A highly coherent heart rate is reflected by a smooth, sine-wave-like pattern in the heart rate variability reading.
What symptoms does HRV training address?
The heart’s functioning has a significant effect on brain function—influencing emotions, attention, memory and processing. When a person is distressed or experiencing negative emotions, and the heart rhythm is less ordered and more erratic, the signals then sent to the brain inhibit higher cognitive functioning. This makes it much harder to think clearly, make effective decisions, retain information or learn new material. When our heart rate is more coherent, then the signals sent to the brain facilitate better emotional and cognitive functioning.

about us

Jessica M. Eure, LPC, BCN, MEd, EdS

Jessica Eure is Director of Neurotherapy and co-founder of the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma. She personally considers each neurofeedback client’s specific needs and matches them with one of the skilled neurotherapists working with the Center. Jessica’s primary focus is on overseeing the QEEG process and treatment planning for all clients who are being treated at the the Center.  She provides on-going weekly BCIA-approved neurofeedback mentoring and supervision to the neurotherapists who collaborate with her, following each case through the entirety of treatment at the Center.

She is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) specializing in the treatment of developmental trauma, mood disorders, PTSD and ADD using neurofeedback and psychotherapy.

She co-founded the Center with Robin Bernhard, LCSW, MEd, after attending the EEG biofeedback comprehensive training offered by EEG Spectrum International, Inc. in July 2004.

Jessica is an approved neurofeedback mentor through the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance for clinicians seeking national board certification in neurofeedback (BCN).

Jessica’s curriculum vitae »

Education and Training

She holds a Master’s degree in Mental Health Counseling from the University of Virginia, and a BA in psychology from Shepherd University. She has experience in the mental health field in both inpatient and outpatient settings.

Jessica is Board Certified in neurofeedback by the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance. She has received extensive training in the theory and application of neurofeedback and QEEG from Brain Science International, EEG Spectrum International, Inc, The Learning Curve, Inc, the Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, Biofeedback Training Institute, and the Behavioral Medicine Research Foundation.

In addition, Jessica has training in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and has received specific EMDR supervision.

theoritical orientation

Jessica utilizes Developmental Needs Meeting Strategy techniques & Internal Family Systems theory and concepts from the field of interpersonal neurobiology into her clinical orientation to psychotherapy.

Developmental Needs Meeting Strategy (DNMS) is a therapeutic approach based on what is known about how a child’s brain develops within a healthy family. It was designed to treat present-day problems that originated with unmet childhood needs. It has also been used to resolve memories of painful physical, emotional, or sexual traumas.

Interpersonal neurobiology is an interdisciplinary field which incorporates knowledge from anthropology, biology, cognitive science, neuroscience, physics, psychology and systems theory (among other fields) to assist in understanding human experience.

Jessica works from a non-pathologizing wellness model and also pulls from postmodern theories of counseling, particularly narrative therapy. The general principles of this approach include viewing the client as the expert in his or her own life and not presuming that there is one ‘true’ reality.

Robin C. Bernhard, LCSW, MEd, BCN

Robin Bernhard, LCSW, MEd brings the benefits of EMDR to her clients, combining this new treatment with her knowledge of family therapy, spontaneous art therapy, dreamwork and sandtray. Areas of specialization are life transition, trauma, women’s health and creativity enhancement. She has been practicing since 1985, and worked as a consultant to the Hospice of Western New York, the NYS Department of Social ServicesChautauqua County Head Start and Charlottesville-Albemarle Mental Health Association.

To contact Robin, please call (434) 825-6545

Sarah McDonald, LCSW, BCN-Candidate

Sarah McDonald is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. She graduated from Roanoke College in 2007 with a BA in Criminal Justice and Psychology. In 2009, she completed her Master of Social Work degree with a clinical concentration from George Mason University. She has experience working in child welfare, both in foster care and adoption. Sarah worked for more than three years in the District of Columbia at the Child and Family Services Agency and has been a foster care/adoption worker with the Albemarle County Department of Social Services since March 2013. Sarah works with children, families, and individuals with histories of developmental trauma, abuse/neglect, domestic violence, substance abuse, mental illness, and sexual abuse. Sarah has been providing psychotherapy and neurofeedback to clients and receiving neurofeedback certification mentoring from Robin and Jessica at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma since July 2014.

maryann Piirto, MA, BCN-Candidate

Maryann has been offering supportive psychotherapy and neurofeedback at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback since June 2016, while working towards her LPC as well as board certification in neurofeedback as a resident in Mental Health Counseling,

Maryann has an MA in Professional Counseling from Liberty University.  She was a Campus Minister for over twenty years, where she had the opportunity to support and encourage students through their transition into college life.  Some of the campuses she worked at include Cornell University, the University of New York at Buffalo, and the College of William & Mary.  Maryann became interested in neurofeedback after seeing it’s effectiveness with two of her children who struggled with learning disabilities and adjustment disorder from trauma.

To contact Robin, please call (434) 825-6545

Regional Affiliates

Stephanie White has been a neurofeedback practitioner working in Charlottesville since 2002 when she founded BrainTraining Solutions.  Her training in the field of EEG Biofeedback is from EEG Spectrum International, Inc., The Learning Curve, Inc. and Brain Master, Inc.  She affiliated with the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback in 2017.  Prior to being trained in neurofeedback, Stephanie was a Special Education teacher in both clinical and public school settings for 15 years.  She began her neurofeedback career after experiencing the positive effects on her own son who was diagnosed with ADHD.  She is committed to providing a supportive haven to her clients through her experience, vision, focus and empathy with her uniquely individualized, integrated approach.  She has had the opportunity to work with children, adolescents and adults with a wide range of diagnosis (PTSD, Anxiety, Depression, ADD/ADHD, Head Injury, Autism/Asperger’s, Learning Disabilities, Obsessive Compulsive Behavior, Memory Impairment).  Stephanie’s mission for her clients is for them to live a fuller, healthier life with greater ease and joy; to thrive.

L. Genevieve Whittemore, MA, LPC, BCN-Candidate

Genevieve is a Licensed Professional Counselor specializing in the treatment of symptoms of developmental trauma disorders, PTSD, ADD & ADHD, anxiety & mood disorders, and addiction using neurofeedback and psychotherapy along with other biofeedback modalities that can help a person achieve emotional regulation. Additionally, she works with individuals seeking peak performance and students experiencing test anxiety. She specializes in Motivational Interviewing, Mindfulness, and Positive Psychology.

Genevieve has worked in the public mental health sector for more than 20 years and most recently retired as the Director of Therapeutic Day Treatment at Horizon Behavioral Health in Lynchburg, VA. She was an officer at the American Psychological Association where she was editor of several publications including the Activities Handbook for Teaching Psychology (Vol. 2 and 3) and coordinator of the G. Stanley Hall Lecture series. She has been in private practice since 2007, offering neurofeedback and psychotherapy. She is currently receiving neurofeedback certification mentoring at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma.

more information



Other Helpful Links

This list is an archive of our favorite research. Enjoy your reading!

Contact us

Virginia Center for Neurofeedback

420 3rd Street Northeast
Charlottesville, VA 22902



Copyright © 2018-2021
Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma