Welcome

The Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma offers treatment options including psychotherapy, EMDR, LENS and traditional neurofeedback for emotional distress, trauma, PTSD, attention deficit disorder, creativity enhancement and peak performance training.

Our Services

Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that measures and trains brain waves. Results are achieved by teaching the brain to change using feedback. During a session, the brain receives real-time audio/visual information that reflects it’s own electrical activity.

About Neurofeedback

LENS

LENS (Low Energy Neurofeedback System) is a newer form of neurofeedback that we offer at our clinic.  This non-invasive and quick treatment option has been used for 20-plus years. It has been shown to diminish problems associated with dysregulation of the central nervous system such as  anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress,  mood dysregulation, brain injury, attentional issues, and learning and memory problems.

About Lens

QEEG

We use the Quantitative EEG assessment to tailor neurofeedback treatment to reduce unwanted symptoms and encourage mental, emotional and physical well-being. The results of the QEEG provide extensive information about the electrical activity of brain cells.

About QEEG

HRV

Heart Rate Variability training is offered as a component of the treatment options provided at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma. HRV training supports a balanced nervous system by encouraging a highly coherent heart rate through breathing and biofeedback exercises.

About HRV

About Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that measures and trains brain waves. Results are achieved by teaching the brain to change using feedback. During a session, the brain receives real-time audio/visual information that reflects it’s own electrical activity. This ‘brain training’ produces more efficient, balanced and stable neural patterns. In her book about neurofeedback and developmental trauma, Sebern Fisher states that ‘neurofeedback raises the brain’s threshold to stress and generally increases stress resilience as it increases stability’.

How does neurofeedback work?

In our office, we use QEEG technology to understand how the different areas of the brain are functioning and communicating with each other. This allows us to develop a neurofeedback training program that aims to improve brain wave functioning and relieve symptoms.

An EEG machine measures the electrical energy released by nerve cells at work. The numbers of brain cells firing at different speeds produce the brainwave patterns seen on the EEG. The brainwaves have names, but in general, the speedier brainwaves are used for thinking while the slower ones are used for relaxation and to maintain involuntary bodily functions. Neurofeedback allows us to regulate our brainwave patterns.

Neurofeedback encourages specific areas of the brain to speed up or slow down as needed, essentially stabilizing brain activity. Neurofeedback training encourages flexible and adaptive brain wave communication that results in the experience of moving more smoothly from one state of arousal to another. Eventually, no more training is required to maintain improved these benefits.

What issues does neurofeedback treat?

The following issues have published scientific evidence of effectiveness with Neurofeedback:

  • Addiction
  • Anxiety
  • ADHD/ADD
  • Depression
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Relaxation
  • Sleep Disorders

The following issues have clinical reports of effectiveness with Neurofeedback:

  • Attachment Disorder
  • Autoimmune Dysfunction
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Chronic Pain
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Cognitive Decline in the Elderly
  • Eating Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Tourette’s Syndrome
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Parkinson’s Disease

What will I experience?

After the QEEG results have been reviewed, neurofeedback training may begin. Each session, electrodes will be placed on the scalp at the locations indicated by the assessment. The information is carried from the brain through the electrodes to the EEG machine.  Advanced neurofeedback software creates auditory feedback (typically a chime sound) that trains your brain.

During a neurofeedback session, you may receive as little as 30 seconds or as much as one hour of training depending upon your brain’s receptivity. Sometimes you may be an active participant in changing your brain wave pattern but often the feedback will allow your brain to change itself without any effort on your part.  In our clinic, typically 35-40 sessions of neurofeedback constitutes a complete training program.  However, the length of treatment at our clinic varies widely.  People who have a traumatic brain injury, degenerative neurological condition or complex trauma history may expect to continue treatment much longer than 40 sessions in order to maintain an improved level of functioning.

qeeg

About LENS

LENS (Low Energy Neurofeedback System) is a newer form of neurofeedback that we offer at our clinic. This non-invasive and quick treatment option has been used for 20-plus years. It has been shown to diminish problems associated with dysregulation of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, mood dysregulation, brain injury, attentional issues, and learning and memory problems.

How does LENS work?

The LENS disrupts and releases maladaptive brain wave patterns created by the central nervous system in response to stress, distress or injury. During a LENS treatment, the brain is able to listen to itself by receiving a reflection of it’s own activity from the sensors attached to the scalp. LENS neurofeedback disrupts brain waves momentarily and allows the brain to reset and reorganize itself. The result is healthier function. A more detailed description of the LENS is available at www.ochslabs.com.

What will I experience?

LENS sessions are brief and the feedback so subtle that most people don’t perceive the changes provided by the feedback immediately. Symptom reduction is often noticed in the hours and days following a session. Typically, at our clinic, we combine psychotherapy, LENS and other biofeedback techniques, so a session may last from 30-90 minutes.

The side effects we have seen following LENS are minimal. A few clients have reported mild to moderate headaches and some sleepiness. While the LENS results in successful treatment for many, there is no guarantee that it will help everyone.

How many sessions will I need?

Recent, acute or less complicated symptoms may resolve in less than 20 sessions.

If you are more sensitive or have a history of complicated or chronic problems, you may need more than 20 sessions. It has been our experience that people with complex developmental trauma may need a few years of LENS treatment in combination with other modalities in order to fully benefit.

lens

About QEEG

neurofeedback

We use the Quantitative EEG assessment to tailor neurofeedback treatment to reduce unwanted symptoms and encourage mental, emotional and physical well-being. The results of the QEEG provide extensive information about the electrical activity of brain cells.

What is the QEEG?

The Quantitative EEG (QEEG) is a statistical analysis of digitally recorded brainwave activity. The electrical patterns produced by brain cells are recorded with small sensors on the scalp (electrodes) that are connected to an electroencephalograph.

The best portions of the individual’s recorded brain activity are selected, analyzed and compared to an age-matched database containing information from thousands of brains considered normal.  At our clinic, we send our client’s EEG data to Brain Science International to be processed using the Human Brain Institute Normative Database. To see a sample QEEG report from Brain Science International, click here and scroll down to ‘Sample Report’.

The QEEG has rapidly become a standard assessment of brain function measuring how major brain regions work and interrelate.  The QEEG is not a diagnostic tool and the results are best understood within the context of other standardized tests, observation and medical consultation.

The QEEG has a 40-year history of clinical use, however some professionals consider it to be experimental in nature.  Many neurofeedback providers consider the QEEG invaluable for planning neurofeedback treatment because the QEEG results clearly illustrate global brain wave patterns and specify which brain regions and frequencies need to be trained. Having a QEEG completed won’t guarantee successful treatment but many clinicians find that the QEEG frequently leads to more efficient training and more effective results.

What is it like to have a QEEG?

The QEEG acquisition appointment takes between 1-2 hours. An electrode cap, as seen above, will be placed on your head and conductive gel inserted into each of 23 sensors on the cap.

The conductive gel must soak down through the hair to the skin in order to relay the brainwave activity to the sensors in the cap. Rarely, but occasionally, people who are very sensitive to touch find this process mildly uncomfortable. Most people easily tolerate the process.

During the EEG recording it is important to sit still and remain as relaxed as possible.  It is not necessary to remain this way for more than a few minutes at a time.  We can stop and take breaks as needed.

After recording the EEG for 10 minutes with eyes closed and eyes open, the cap is removed and the gel is cleaned off. It is likely you will want to plan to go home and wash your hair when the process is completed.

Please follow the below instructions to be prepared.

What is the cost of QEEG?

A fee for the test covers the cost of data acquisition, a neurologist’s review and a written report with treatment recommendations by Jay Gunkelman, world-renowned QEEG specialist, President and Chief Science Officer at Brain Science International.  Usually insurance does not cover the QEEG. Please contact Jessica or Robin for more information.

Preparation Instructions for the QEEG

BE AS RESTED AS POSSIBLE
Try to be as well rested and alert as possible prior to the EEG. If you unusually tired (for you), the EEG acquisition should not be done. Please contact your clinician before the appointment if you are feeling extremely tired or sleepy that day and we will reschedule.

CLEAN, DRY HAIR
The day before or the day of the test, thoroughly shampoo your hair TWO times. Be sure to scrub your entire scalp, forehead, and earlobes with your fingertips, rinse your hair thoroughly between and after washing. Hair must be thoroughly dry for the EEG.

NO HAIR PRODUCT
Do not apply hair conditioner, mousse, gel, or hair spray, and keep your forehead free of make-up, lotions, and conditioners. In addition, do not braid your hair or wear earrings.

NO STIMULANTS
Please do not use stimulants the day of the test. Examples are: coffee, tea, cigarettes, caffeinated soft drinks, etc. Also, avoid illegal or over-the-counter drugs, foods, herbs, or herbal teas that promote sleep/relaxation or the awake/alert state on the day of the EEG.

NO CONTACTS
Do not wear contact lenses as they may become uncomfortable thereby causing EEG artifact which disrupts the acquisition of good EEG data.

MEDICATIONS
It is best to be free of medications that may alter the EEG.  Prior to scheduling the QEEG, our staff will gather a detailed medication history from you and consult with your prescribing doctor as needed.  Do not make any decisions about stopping medications without first consulting with the physician who prescribed them.

About HRV

Heart Rate Variability Training

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) training is offered as an adjunct to treatment at the Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma. Clients partipate in biofeedback and breathing exercises that help to relieve stress, reduce anxiety, and enhance the ability to learn new information. The heart rhythm has a significant effect on brain function.

How does HRV training work?

The heart rate has a variable pattern that reflects our breathing and level of stress. Positive emotions and a calm, balanced nervous system result in a highly coherent heart rate variability score, whereas negative emotions are reflected by a less coherent, more erratic pattern of activity. A highly coherent heart rate is reflected by a smooth, sine-wave-like pattern in the heart rate variability reading.

What will I experience?

A small sensor with an infrared light in it is placed on the index finger or earlobe. This sensor is connected to a computer running HRV training software which provides real-time feedback to the user about fluctuations in the heart rate variability score. The coherence reading is measured and reflected back to the person learning to train their HRV. Breathing modulates the heart’s rhythm, so by breathing slowly and regularly, one can encourage coherence in the heart rhythm, which in turn, encourages balance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the nervous system. One can use these techniques easily without any equipment after learning these skills.

What symptoms does HRV training address?

The heart’s functioning has a significant effect on brain function—influencing emotions, attention, memory and processing. When a person is distressed or experiencing negative emotions, and the heart rhythm is less ordered and more erratic, the signals then sent to the brain inhibit higher cognitive functioning. This makes it much harder to think clearly, make effective decisions, retain information or learn new material. When our heart rate is more coherent, then the signals sent to the brain facilitate better emotional and cognitive functioning.

About Us

Jessica M. Eure, LPC, BCN, MEd, EdS

Jessica M. Eure, LPC, BCN

BCIA_BoardCertifiedInNeurofeedback_BlackJessica Eure is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) specializing in the treatment of developmental trauma, mood disorders, PTSD and ADD using neurofeedback and psychotherapy.

She co-founded the Virginia Neurofeedback, Attachment and Trauma Center with Robin Bernhard, LCSW, MEd, after attending the EEG biofeedback comprehensive training offered by EEG Spectrum International, Inc. in July 2004.

Jessica has completed specific training in order to offer supervision to mental health counselor residents working towards licensure (LPC) in Virginia. She is also an approved neurofeedback mentor through the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance for clinicians seeking national board certification in neurofeedback (BCN).

Jessica’s curriculum vitae

Education & Training

She holds a Master’s degree in Mental Health Counseling from the University of Virginia, and a BA in psychology from Shepherd University. She has experience in the mental health field in both inpatient and outpatient settings.

Jessica is Board Certified in neurofeedback by the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance. She has received extensive training in the theory and application of neurofeedback and QEEG from Brain Science International, EEG Spectrum International, Inc, The Learning Curve, Inc, the Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, Biofeedback Training Institute, and the Behavioral Medicine Research Foundation.

In addition, Jessica has training in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and has received specific EMDR supervision.

Theoretical Orientation

Jessica utilizes Developmental Needs Meeting Strategy techniques & Internal Family Systems theory and concepts from the field of interpersonal neurobiology into her clinical orientation to psychotherapy.

Developmental Needs Meeting Strategy (DNMS) is a therapeutic approach based on what is known about how a child’s brain develops within a healthy family. It was designed to treat present-day problems that originated with unmet childhood needs. It has also been used to resolve memories of painful physical, emotional, or sexual traumas.

Interpersonal neurobiology is an interdisciplinary field which incorporates knowledge from anthropology, biology, cognitive science, neuroscience, physics, psychology and systems theory (among other fields) to assist in understanding human experience.

Jessica works from a non-pathologizing wellness model and also pulls from postmodern theories of counseling, particularly narrative therapy. The general principles of this approach include viewing the client as the expert in his or her own life and not presuming that there is one ‘true’ reality.

Robin C. Bernhard, LCSW, MEd, BCN

BCIA_BoardCertifiedInNeurofeedback_BlackRobin Bernhard, LCSW, MEd brings the benefits of EMDR to her clients, combining this new treatment with her knowledge of family therapy, spontaneous art therapy, dreamwork and sandtray. Areas of specialization are life transition, trauma, women’s health and creativity enhancement. She has been practicing since 1985, and worked as a consultant to the Hospice of Western New York, the NYS Department of Social Services, Chautauqua County Head Start and Charlottesville-Albemarle Mental Health Association.

To contact Robin, please call (434) 825-6545

Robin C. Bernhard, LCSW, MEd, BCN

More Information

Recommended Reading

Neurofeedback

EMDR

Other Helpful Links

This list is an archive of our favorite research. For future updates and article reviews, visit our news section. Enjoy your reading!

Contact Us

Virginia Center for Neurofeedback, Attachment & Trauma

420 3rd Street Northeast
Charlottesville, VA 22902

Jessica M. Eure, LPC, BCN
Phone: (434) 960-2519
Email: jessica.eure@gmail.com

Robin C. Bernhard, LCSW, MEd, BCN
Phone: (434) 825-6545
Email: bernhard.robin@gmail.com